Family Based Child Care




SOS Families
Every child should grow and live in a loving home. SOS Children’s Villages recognizes this and stresses on the UN Guideline for the Alternative Care of Children. SOS families provide a secure and loving care in a family setting for the children who have lost their parents or cannot live with their biological families.
The main focus areas of our social work are family-based care for orphaned, abandoned and neglected children and comprehensive community-based social programs for disadvantaged families.

History and concept of Family Based Care
World War II left thousands of children orphaned and traumatized around the world. Thinking of those children’s future, Hermann Gmeiner set up first SOS Children’s Village in Imst, Austria in 1949 with very simple ideas. Gmeiner simply wanted to provide them a loving home, a mother, brother sisters and child – friendly community to grow. Until now the basic principle of SOS Children’s Villages is the same. On the later on phase, it is emerging up much sophisticated and heterogeneous as a non-governmental child welfare organization worldwide. The organization is active in 134 countries at present.

Children need a family
Hermann Gmeiner concept was based on the children’s need of family to grow up. A child needs a loving home, a loving mother, brothers – sisters and child-friendly community for the positive development. Despite every effort of the biological parents, there are children in our community who deprived to get these aspects. They are orphaned, abandoned and neglected children who are also a part of our society and nation. SOS Children’s Villages has been working to ensure for the better future of these children and serving the society and the nation as a whole.

The UN Guideline for Alternative Care of Children
The UN approved Guidelines for the Alternative Care of Children, to which SOS Children’s Villages made key contributions, are a key reference document for all SOS Children's Villages' programs.

The Guidelines aim to promote and protect the rights of all children in alternative care, as well as those who have lost parental care, or who are at risk of losing parental care. This tool guides those working directly or indirectly with children in alternative care, ensuring that children are not separated from their biological families unnecessarily (the principle of necessity) and that the alternative care provided meets upholds the child's rights and meets his or her specific needs (principle of appropriateness).

The implementation of the Guidelines by governments will ultimately lead to a significant improvement of living conditions for children without parental care around the world, an aim which SOS Children's Villages supports through advocacy work.